Gus Casely-Hayford traces the origins of Nubia, a fascinating kingdom that dominated the eastern Sahara for thousands of years, as far back as 10,000 BC. He explores how Nubia developed and what happened to it and its people, discovering that its kings once ruled Ancient Egypt and that it was defeated not by its rivals but by its environment. (59 min)
After recently visiting Sudan’s Nuba Mountains, actor and activist George Clooney and the Enough Project’s John Prendergast described people hiding in caves to avoid bombings. Judy Woodruff spoke with Prendergast and Clooney who said the people and their plight “get in your bloodstream and you have a responsibility to them.”
On Saturday, July 9, 2011, South Sudan officially gained independence with its creation as the world’s newest nation. Judy Woodruff discusses the challenges that the young country faces with the Pulitzer Center’s Rebecca Hamilton, who has covered Sudan for years. She recently reported from there for the NewsHour and The Washington Post. (10 min)
After seven years of war and months of negotiations, the Sudanese government and Darfur’s most powerful rebel group have signed a ceasefire deal, and mediators hope it will lead to a broader and more permanent peace agreement.
Qatar, the sponsor of the peace talks, has pledged $1bn to help rebuild the region. However, the truce is only between Khartoum and the Justice and Equality Movement (Jem). There are dozens more factions, now coalesced into two groups, who have yet to strike any deal with the government.
The United Nations estimates around 300,000 people have died from the combined effects of war, famine and disease in Darfur. Almost three million more have fled their homes and are living in displacement camps. An estimated 200,000 have sought safety in neighbouring Chad, but violence in Darfur has followed them, spilling over the border. The truce is being attributed to the recent reconciliation between Sudan and Chad, where last month, both sides agreed to stop supporting each other’s rebel groups.
Al Jazeera’s Zeina Awad reports from Doha where the ceasefire deal was signed on 24 Feb 2010. (3 min)